Five pillars of islam
Islam has five pillars
Islam is founded on five pillars: bearing witness that there is no god bot Allah . and Muhammad is His servant and messenger:establishment of sallat: Paying zakaat: Performance of Hajj:and fasting in Ramadhaan:
The prophet (Sallallaho alaihe wasllam) has compared islam to a canopy resting on five pillars the kalimah is the central support and other four pillars of islam are so to say. the remaining four supports. one at each corner of the canopy without the central support. the canopy cannot possibly stand. and if any one of the corner supports is missing a collaps will result in the defective corner.The five pillars of islam mentioned in the hadees of ibn umar signify the most essential duties of a muslim. Althogh a Muslim cannot do without any one of them,(Fazail e Amaal bBy Shaykh Zakriyya)
1: Kalimah Shahada
: Kailmah Shahada has two parts Kalimah Shahada means: I bear witness that there is nobody worthy of worship except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is the mesenger of Allah : we believe one God that is Almighty Allah as mention Allah Almighty in surah ikhlas verse No1: Say :He is Allah. the One and Only: Cause of Revelation of this surah, Imam Tirmidhi,Hakim and some others have recorded that the pagans of makkah ask the messenger of Allah”O Mohhamad tell us about the ancestry of your Lord ,so Alah Almighty revealed this surah:(Tafseer Maariful Quran) It is first part of kalma shahada , The second Part is Mohammad (P.B.U.H) is the messenger of Allah:We believe The Mohammad (P.B.U.H) is the last messenger of Almighty Allah, This is necessary for us we believe both part of kalimah shahada ,this is first pillar of islam .
Virtue of Kalimah Shahada (hadees 1) Rasulullah (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) has said:of all the azkarr
(plural of zikr) repetition of kalimah shahada is the best , and all of the duass (Alhamdulillah ) is the best
Hadees No 2: Hazrat zaid bin arqam (R.Z) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallaho alaihe wasallam) had said the one who recite(Kalimah) with ikhlass will enter paradise.Somebody asked what was the sign of ikhlas.He explained that is prevents one from indulging in forbidden things: This is only two hadees i mention about virtu of Kalimah shahda lot of hadees regards virtuse of kalimah shahda
2 Prayer (Namaz)
The second Pillar is Prayer (Namaz) Salaat in islam occupies a position next only to imaan.Hazrat Abdullah bin masood says :once I inquired of the Holy Prophet which act was thedearset to Allah. The prophet replied . salaat. i then inquired which act came next(in order of merit) and the prophet replied kindness of parents I again asked what was next and he answered jihaad.
Mulla Ali Qari has quoted this hadees in support of the belief that sallat is the most important religious duty after imman
:The next pillars of islam that is zakkat this is most important and necessary part of islam it means some wealthy person help poor men through the zakkat .Almighty Allah says in Holy Quran [And those who hoard the gold and the silver and do not spend it in the way of Allah so give them tidings of a painful punishment .Surah towba verse 35]
4 Fasting: The next pillars of islam that is fasting in Holy month of Ramazan . fasting is Farz in whole month of ramazan for every muslim men and women adult and healthy Allah says .[o you who believe is prescribed for you the fasting as is prescribed to who from befor you so that you may become righteous surah al baqrah]
What is fasting:in Arabic words Sawm:means to abstain. in the terminology of islamic law Sawm means “to obstain from eating drinking and sexual inter-course(Tafseer maariful quran)
It is last Pillars of islam that is hajj. Almighty Allah says [And proclaim to the mankind of the pilgrimage:the will come to you on foot and on every lean camel they will come from every mountain highway distant: Surah Hajj verse No:28]It is also farz for every muslim wealthy men and women adult and healthy